The rivers, streams and lakes flowing through Kerala make the state a paradise on earth. A number of small streams make water bodies locked from all sides. Such water bodies slowly transform themselves into big lakes. Lakes in Kerala flow quietly and stagnate at a place. However, these are always streamed in with fresh water from small rivulets or by the rains. These lakes almost touch the soul of every visitor, with their serene placidity. These lakes are bounded on all sides with fringes of palm and coconut trees and a number of other types of vegetation.
Kerala can be denoted as a land of lakes and rivers, as it is blessed with 34 lakes which are always filled with sparkling water, which is sapphire or bright green in color. Along with lakes, the state also boasts of having 49 rain-fed rivers with tributaries and distributaries curving through the land each traversing their own path. It is desired by every visitor to take a houseboat and leisure on these tranquil waters. Water sports are common to be found on these lakes. These are also famous because of numerous boat races held during the annual festivals.
Lakes in Kerala
Ashtamudi Lake in Kollam is one of the largest and deepest wetland ecosystems. The lake is shaped like a palm tree or as it is referred mostly by the locals as an octopus. Ashtamudi literally means eight coned in Malyalam. The name of the lake points towards the branched topography of the lake.
Punnamada Lake is a part of the Vembenad Lake which is India’s longest lake and the biggest lake in Kerala. The lake spans to a number of districts in Kerala. Hence, it is called by different names at different parts of Kerala for e.g. Punnamada Lake in Kuttanad, Kochi Lake in Kochi etc. The Port of Kochi is located around two islands the Willingdon Island and Vallarpadam which lie in this lake, but the lake is called Kochi Lake in this part of Kerala.
Vembanadu Lake has the privilege to be called the longest lake in India and the largest in Kerala. The lake is such big that it spans to a number of districts, the lake is such big that it is even called by different names at different localities and districts. As this is the longest lake in Kerala the much celebrated Nehru Trophy Boat Race is also conducted on a major portion of this lake. The race is conducted at Kuttanad region where the Lake is known as Punnamada Lake.
Akkulam Lake is a serene and peaceful picnic spot in Kerala. The splendor of the lake is enhanced when it is added on with the scenic beauty of the surrounding Western Ghats. Water sports are a good option to relax yourself if you are visiting this lake. Boating is the most popular water sport which can be enjoyed in Akkulam Lake. This is a prime picnic spot for both domestic and international tourists.
Mananchira is a manmade freshwater lake, which is situated at the centre of the city of Kozhikode (Calicut). It is rectangular in shape and is watered by a natural spring. The lake was earlier built as a bathing pool by Zamorin Mana Vikrama, who used to be the feudal ruler of Kozhikode in 14th century. The laterite which was obtained after excavating the pool was used to build two palaces at the east and west end of the pool. The water of the lake is kept entirely for drinking purpose.
Veeranpuzha Lake is located in Cochin district of Kerala. This is a part of the northern extension of Vembanad Lake. Vembanad Lake itself is called Veeranpuzha in Vyppen Island. The place is devoid of any human habitation. The main reason behind its being devoid of human settlement is the non-availability of fresh water.
Vellayani Lake, or Vellayani Kayal as it is better known in Kerala, is the largest fresh water lake in Trivandrum. It is best to visit the lake on moonlit nights, as the rays of the moon are reflected from the surface of the placid water of the lake. One must visit the lake during the festival of Onam to witness the boat race which is organized in many parts of Kerala, including here.
Paravur Kayal is comparatively a much smaller lake than its other counterparts in Kerala. It occupies an area of just 6.62sqkm. The lake is the end point of the Ithikkara River, and is watered by the river too. The lake was linked to Edava Kayal and Ashtamudi Kayal as division of the Trivandrum - Shoranur canal scheme since the late 19th century.
Sasthamkotta Lake is also categorized by the modern geologists as a wetland ecosystem. This is considered as the largest fresh water lake in Kerala. The lake caters to the drinking water needs of the half a million people of the Quilon district and also doubles as providing fishing resources to the people here. The lake is a habitat for a large number of Avifauna and Aqua Fauna.
Pookode Lake is one of the largest lakes of Kerala. The lake is nestled between the lush greens of the forests, which surround this lake. There have been recent modernizations to beautify this place. The natives sell natural hand made items here which are made up of fibers like jute or bamboo.